CEC & Express Entry Explained
Express Entry is a system that Canada uses to select qualified skilled workers for granting them permanent residency. To many foreign workers and international students, Express Entry is the easiest and most economic way to obtain Permanent Residence status in Canada, however, the stringent documentation requirements and complicated Comprehensive Ranking system have confused many.
Years of practicing as a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant (RCIC), I have handled numerous cases under Express Entry, including cases where qualified workers received a rejection of their application due to incomplete documentation, disqualified work experiences, or inappropriate NOC code. I also worked on wrongfully rejected cases due to man made errors by case officers, and helped clients gain permanent residency which they deserved.
In this article, I am going to reveal some of the key factors to a successful Permanent Residence application under one of the three streams of Express Entry system, Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
The following analysis applies ONLY to CEC program. Do not refer to this article if you are applying to Federal Skilled Worker (FSW), or Federal Skilled Trade (FST).
Key Requirements (CEC)
must be gained within the past 36 months from the date that the IRCC receives your CEC application,
does NOT have to be continuous 12-months, it can be accumulated from one or more occupations
 disqualified work: work experience you gained when you were in full-time study is not qualified (e.g., experience gained under co-op work permits, off-campus work permits while a full-time student and on-campus work).
however, to be qualified for CEC, you job(s) must be at skill level, 0, A or B in the NOC.
In some cases, your may not find the EXACT job title that your employer assigned you to. When this happens, try to choose a few most relevant job titles in the NOC guide, and check each one for their primary job duties. Use the job duties to find the most appreciate NOC code.
One tip, which has been proven successful by years of my practice, is when choosing NOC code for your job, make sure that your daily job duties meets at least 70% of the Main duties described under your NOC code in the Guide. Government of Canada provides a great tool for skilled workers to find their appropriate job NOC code. https://noc.esdc.gc.ca/Home/Welcome/4d655901c5a8499d8af705bb2a3aee03?GoCTemplateCulture=en-CA
2. Crucial Documents to Support Your CEC ApplicationDocuments to Support your CEC Application
Q & A
1. Do I have to be employed at the time of an CEC application.
The answer is NO. You do not need to be employed at the time you submit your PR application. But you must have a legal status to remain in canada during the entire process of your PR application.
2. Employee vs. Self-employedAny periods of self-employment or unauthorized work will not be qualified for CEC work experience.
There are many factors for IRCC’s officers to determine whether your work is self-employed.
Many clients initially thought they were not qualified as they think they were self-employed, however, after consulted with me, and dug in previous immigration court cases, it turned out that most of them were not “self-employed”.
Determine whether a work fits the dedication of self-employed requires experiences and comprehension of immigration law. When you are not sure, speak to an experienced immigration consultant, so that you do not misjudge your own qualification and miss great opportunities to obtain your P.R. status.
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